Buying a property in any country is a complicated affair and it is even more so in India, due to the basic fact that the Indian property market is largely unregulated and disorganized. Further, the presence of too many middlemen and operators, such as large national real estate corporations, local real estate brokers and agents, property consultants, builders and architects, makes buying a confusing task. Further, potential buyers should also cross several hurdles such as title defects, legal compliances, location and condition of the properties and financing options. As such, if you plan to buy a property in Bangalore for example, you should have a systematic plan and procedure to reduce the various hassles accompanying any type of property buying in India.
Evaluate Your Buying Budget Carefully
The actual value of the property alone will not be sufficient when you start evaluation of the total purchase budget for that property. You should also take into consideration many other expenses that can add up to substantial sums and upset your budget estimates completely. The major additional expenses are:
- Official stamp duty, which will depend on the value of the property at the time of registration
- Registration fees, which will vary from one registrar office to another, with the fees and other incidental charges in these offices significantly higher in larger cities and towns and comparatively lower in smaller towns.
- Brokerage fees
- Legal fees and costs
- Cost of renovation or improvement expenses related to the property
- House tax and/or property tax amounts, which will also vary from one place to another, based on the cost index of that specific area
- Monthly maintenance expenses of the property, if any
- Costs of utilities, such as electricity, water supply, sewerage, etc.
Estimating Costs Involved in New Constructions
If you are buying an individual home, villa, flat or apartment in Bangalore the major issue is the lack of transparency by the builder or the property developer in revealing all the costs involved to provide you with a gross price. For example if you are buying a villa in Prestige City Villa complex, apart from the price of the property, there will be internal infrastructure development charges and external development charges that should be added to the base price of the property. Ultimately, the final cost of the property will depend on its location, which will decide the basic cost of the land area and the quality of construction, which will also play a significant part in the final cost of the property.
The builder or developer may add several costs at the time of handing over the property, which have not been mentioned in the initial contract, if you have not been specific in enquiring about them. These costs will include, parking space costs, park/garden cost, cost of uninterrupted power supply through generator, club membership cost, monthly maintenance costs, etc. Hence, you should ensure that the builder has included all such types of costs in the base price at the time of signing the initial buying contract, so that you know exactly how much you are paying.
The external development costs are payable to the government for providing water supply, electricity, sewerage, roads and road maintenance, community building, public health, street lighting and their maintenance, storm water drainage, public health, horticulture, etc. The builder or developer will pay these costs to the government and pass on the costs proportionately to all the residents in that property development. You should ensure that the initial base price includes these costs also.
Do you need to do arc welding? Arc welding is a task that requires extreme concentration and precision. And that means that you’ll need to choose the right arc welding machine. Whether you intend to do it professionally or non-professionally, it’s crucial to choose the right machine. Here are some tips to help you choose the right one for your needs and preferences:
1. MIG/TIG welding
When buying an arc welding machine, it’s important to know the difference between TIG and MIG welding. This will impact which type of machine you choose. By using MIG (Metal Inert Gas) welding, metal can be welded faster than traditional methods that involve stick welding; Thus, it’s especially practical when you’re welding aluminum or other soft metals.
On the other hand, TIG (Tugnsten Inert Gas) welding involves combining reactive metals together. The variety of gases used for TIG welding usually includes helium, argon, or a blend of the two gases. By using TIG welding, you can use different welding methods on various types of metals.
2. Welder safety
When buying an arc welding machine, make sure to purchase the right safety gear as well, which should include a helmet, jacket, and gloves. Spare no expense when choosing these items, to guarantee that you’ll have all the necessary protection when using the arc welding machine.
When choosing an arc welder machine, it’s important to consider the amperage of different methods. That’s because you’ll need a higher amperage when working with heavier metals, while a lower amperage arc welding machine would be OK when working with lighter metals. If you’re going to weld with both light and heavy metals, then make sure to choose a higher amperage.
4. Power supply
There are three main types of welding power supplies. A transformer variety tends to be bulky and prone to major leakage inductance. Another option is a generator and alternator type of welding power supply. This method changes mechanical energy into electrical energy. Finally, the third type of welding power supply is of the inverter variety. The main benefit of this option is that they tend to provide more control and be more efficient than arc welding machines that are of the non-inverter variety.
This is an important issue to consider if you need to transfer the machine frequently. As an added bonus, you don’t have to sacrifice ruggedness for portability. So you can do your heavy-duty welding without being concerned that the machine won’t self-destruct in the process.
Speaking of ruggedness, it’s another issue to consider when buying an arc welding machine. The old rule of You get what you pay for basically applies. So if you want your arc welding machine to be a workhorse, then consider spending more for a high-end model. Otherwise, you’d probably be OK using a less expensive and rugged model.
7. Make and model
Some of the biggest names in the arc welding machine world are Hobart, Lincoln, and Miller.
If you have a welding project in mind and are searching for professional welding company in Perth, then Arktek is your company. They are specialized in all types of welding, from CNC plasma cutting, metal fabrication, steel fabrication to custom fabrication.